Decompression Syndromes: The Bends Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Decompression Syndromes: The Bends article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Barotrauma: Trauma caused by rapid or extreme changes in air pressure, especially affectin...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Coagulation: In medicine, the clotting of blood. The process by which the blood clots to f...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cyanosis: A bluish color of the skin and the mucous membranes due to insufficient oxygen i...

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Deafness: Partial or complete hearing loss. Levels of hearing impairment vary from a mild ...

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Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emboli: Something that travels through the bloodstream, lodges in a blood vessel and block...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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High altitude: Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude?

Horizontal: In anatomy, a plane passing through the standing body. A person lying on a bed...

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Hyperbaric: Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also perta...

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Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Inner ear: A highly complex structure whose essential component for hearing is the membran...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Low back pain: Pain in the lower back area that can relate to problems with the lumbar spi...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nitrogen: Element number 7, a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is biologically impo...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Supine: With the back or dorsal surface downward. A person who is supine is lying face up....

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Tiredness: See: Tired.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Medical Dictionary