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Dehydration in Adults (cont.)

Causes of Dehydration in Adults

Many conditions may cause rapid and continued fluid losses and lead to dehydration.

  • Fever, heat exposure, too much exercise, or work-related activity
  • Vomiting, diarrhea, and increased urination due to infection
  • Diseases such as diabetes
  • The inability to seek appropriate water and food (an infant or disabled person, for example)
  • An impaired ability to drink (someone in a coma or on a respirator, or a sick infant who cannot suck on a bottle are common examples)
  • No access to safe drinking water
  • Significant injuries to skin, such as burns or mouth sores, severe skin diseases, or infections (water is lost through the damaged skin)

In addition to drinking water, the body also needs replacement of electrolytes (for example, potassium and sodium) lost with the above mentioned conditions, so drinking water without electrolyte replacement may not complete the balance of water and electrolytes the body has lost. Some symptoms (see below) may remain if this balance is not restored.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/7/2014

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