Dehydration in Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Dehydration in Children article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Adenovirus: One of a group of viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, inte...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antiemetics: 1. As a noun, a drug taken to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting. As...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bladder infection: Infection of the urinary bladder. Some people are at more risk for blad...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Breast milk: Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that close...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Celiac sprue: An immune disorder whereby the small intestine is injured when exposed to gl...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chloride: The major anion (negatively charged substance) in the blood and extracellular fl...

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Clostridium: A group of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen)...

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Clostridium difficile: A bacterium that is one of the most common causes of infection of t...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Cystic fibrosis: A common grave genetic disease that affects the exocrine glands and is ch...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diabetes insipidus: Excessive urination and extreme thirst as a result of inadequate outpu...

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Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with ab...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Giardia: A genus of protozoa that infect the gastrointestinal tract of some animals, incl...

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Giardia lamblia: A parasite responsible for a contagious form of diarrhea. The parasite i...

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Giardiasis: Infection with Giardia lamblia.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Norwalk virus: A family of small round viruses that are an important cause of viral gastro...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parasitic: Having to do with a parasite, as in a parasitic infection; or acting like a par...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rehydrate: To restore lost water to the body tissues and fluids. Prompt rehydration is imp...

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Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Rotavirus: A virus that is a leading cause of severe diarrhea and dehydration in young chi...

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Salmonella: A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever and a number of other illnesses...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Teaspoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure that is equal to about 5 cc of...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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