Dehydration in Children (cont.)
Dehydration in Children Diagnosis
The doctor will perform a thorough history and physical exam in an effort to determine the severity and cause of the dehydration.
Specific laboratory tests may be ordered.
- A complete blood count may identify an infection.
- Blood cultures may identify the specific kind of infection.
- Blood chemistries may identify
abnormalities caused by vomiting and diarrhea
- Urinalysis may identify
bladder infection, may give evidence of the severity of dehydration, and may identify sugar and ketones in urine (evidence of uncontrolled diabetes).
- In some cases, the doctor may order other tests, such as a chest X-ray, a test
to check for rotavirus, stool cultures, or lumbar puncture (a spinal tap).
Must Read Articles Related to Dehydration in Children
Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile, C. diff)
Clostridium difficile (or C. difficile, C. diff) colitis is an infection of the colon. C. diff infection is most commonly associated with antibiotic use. Anothe...learn more >>
Dehydration in Adults
Dehydration occurs when the loss of body fluids (mostly water), exceeds the amount that is taken in. Causes of dehydration include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, di...learn more >>
Diarrhea can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, parasites, intestinal diseases or conditions, reactions to medications, and food intolerance. Symptoms ...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Dehydration in Children: