Dehydration in Children (cont.)
Dehydration in Children
Most children become dehydrated because of diarrhea or vomiting caused by a viral infection. The way to help a dehydrated child is to give plenty of fluids while the child is ill. This is called fluid replacement.
- Suitable fluid replacement for children younger than two years includes Pedialyte, Rehydralyte, Pedialyte freezer pops, or any similar product designed to replace fluids, sugar, and electrolytes (dissolved minerals such as sodium, potassium, and chloride). You can
buy these products at most large grocery and drug stores.
- You can make your own oral rehydration fluid by following this recipe:
1/2 teaspoon table salt
potassium chloride (light salt)
- Children older than two years may be given flat soda
(soft drinks that are opened then shaken to lose their fizz), Gatorade, or
- Give a few sips every few minutes.
- Although it may seem that your child is vomiting all
that is given, usually an adequate amount of fluid is kept down.
- Within four hours after vomiting stops, BRAT diet (bananas, rice, apples, toast, and other simple starches, such as noodles or potatoes) may be started in children who are weaned from formula or breast milk.
- Change slowly to a normal diet after one to two days on the BRAT diet. If you are
may continue to breastfeed throughout the illness.
- If you are bottle-feeding, restart half-strength
formula feedings after one to two days of Pedialyte, and then return to full-strength formula feedings within another day.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/17/2013
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