Font Size
A
A
A
...
9
...

Dementia (cont.)

Medications

Doctors use medicines to treat dementia in the following ways:

Medication Choices

Medicines to help maintain mental function:

  • Cholinesterase inhibitors such as donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Reminyl), and rivastigmine (Exelon).
    • These drugs were developed to treat Alzheimer's disease, but they may be tried in other dementias, especially vascular dementia.2
    • It is not clear how long these medicines will work.
    • Side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss.3
  • Memantine (Namenda). This medicine is used to treat symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, but may also help with mild to moderate vascular dementia.3

Medicines to help control mood or behavior problems:

Medicines to prevent future strokes:

  • The doctor may prescribe medicines for high blood pressure and high cholesterol, since these conditions are risk factors for vascular dementia.4 These drugs can't reverse existing dementia, but they may prevent future strokes and heart disease that can lead to further brain damage.

For more information, see the topics:

Next Page:
...
9
...

eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

To learn more visit Healthwise.org

© 1995-2012 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.





Medical Dictionary