Dengue Fever Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Dengue Fever article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute illness: A disease with an abrupt onset and, usually, a short course.

Aerosol: A fine spray or mist. Medications in aerosol form can be administered via a nebul...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Assay: An assay is an analysis done to determine:

  1. The presence of a substance an...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bradycardia: A slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute.

CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chikungunya: An urban disease resembling dengue fever, seen mainly in Africa, the Indian s...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Coagulation: In medicine, the clotting of blood. The process by which the blood clots to f...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Dengue: Also known as Dengue fever, an acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset ...

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Dengue fever: An acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset with headache, fever, ...

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Dengue shock syndrome: A syndrome due to the dengue virus that tends to affect children un...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Endemic: A characteristic of a particular population, environment, or region. Examples of ...

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Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Febrile: Feverish.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flaviviridae: A family of viruses transmitted by mosquitos and ticks that cause some impor...

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Gait: A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic clues for a nu...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hypotension: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individual in a ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Insecticide: A chemical used specifically to kill or control the growth of insects. Certa...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Leptospirosis: An infectious disease caused by a particular type of bacteria called a spir...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Low platelets: see thrombocytopenia.

Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Malaria: An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family th...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Plaque:1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an are...

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Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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RNA: Ribonucleic acid.

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Scarlet fever: A skin condition that is due to a streptococcal sore throat or any other st...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Serotype: The kind of microorganism as characterized by serologic typing (testing for rec...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Spotted fever: Also known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever. An acute febrile (feverish) dis...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Ticks: Small wingless bloodsucking insects that, along with the mite, belongs to the order...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Typhoid: See: Typhoid fever.

Typhoid fever: An acute illness characterized by fever caused by infection with the bacter...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

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Yellow fever: An acute systemic (bodywide) illness caused by a virus called a Flavivirus. ...

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Medical Dictionary