Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2) (cont.)
- Follow the health-care professional's treatment recommendations.
- Keep records of blood sugar levels as often as recommended by the health-care professional and the diabetes care team, including the times the levels were checked, when and how much insulin or medication was taken, when and what was eaten, and when and for how long the patient exercised.
- Call the health-care professional if the patient has any problems with their treatment or symptoms that suggest poor glucose control.
- Glucagon should always be available for emergency use by the patient or patient's support in case of seizure or unconsciousness related to hypoglycemia.
- People with diabetes should always wear a medical identification tag that identifies their diagnosis and shows contact information for their health-care provider.
- Attend diabetes education classes at the local hospital. The more educated the patient and their family are about the disease, the better they are likely to do.
- If the patient takes insulin, they should see the health-care professional about every three months or more often. For other people with diabetes, every three to six months is generally adequate, unless they are having complications.
- Recognize low blood sugar levels and know how to treat them.
- The patient and their family should be taught how to recognize the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar levels. The patient should have a clear plan for treating low blood sugar levels and know when to call 911. Mild symptoms include confusion and sweating. Moreover, these symptoms can progress to lethargy, agitation (sometimes with violent, jerking motions), or even seizures.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/3/2016
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