Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2) (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What Are the Types of Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes (T1D): The body stops producing insulin or produces too little insulin to regulate blood glucose level.
Type 2 diabetes (T2D): Although the pancreas still secretes insulin, the body of someone with type 2 diabetes is partially or completely incapable of responding to insulin. This is often referred to as insulin resistance. The pancreas tries to overcome this resistance by secreting more and more insulin. People with insulin resistance develop type 2 diabetes when they fail to secrete enough insulin to cope with their body's demands.
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs during the second half of pregnancy.
Metabolic syndrome (also referred to as syndrome X) is a set of abnormalities in which insulin-resistant diabetes (type 2 diabetes) is almost always present along with hypertension (high blood pressure), high fat levels in the blood (increased serum lipids, predominant elevation of LDL cholesterol, decreased HDL cholesterol, and elevated triglycerides), central obesity, and abnormalities in blood clotting and inflammatory responses. A high rate of cardiovascular disease is associated with metabolic syndrome.
Prediabetes is a common condition related to diabetes. In people with prediabetes, the blood sugar level is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be considered diagnostic of diabetes.
About 17 million Americans (6.2% of adults in North America) are believed to have diabetes. It has been estimated that about one-third of adults with diabetes do not know they have diabetes.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/3/2016
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2)
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2):
Diabetes - Symptoms and Signs
The symptoms of diabetes can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms and signs at the onset of diabetes?
Diabetes Treatment - Effective Treatments
What treatments have been effective for your diabetes?
Diabetes - Experience
Share your experience with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes - Lifestyle Changes
What type of diabetes do you have (type 1 or type 2), and what lifestyle changes, for example, diet, exercise, or special glucose monitoring, have been effective in managing your diabetes?
Diabetes - Treatment Medications
What type of diabetes do you have, and what medications have been effective in managing the disease?
- The Basics of a Healthy Diabetes Diet
- How Well Are You Living With Diabetes?
- What Can You Eat With Diabetes?