Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2) (cont.)
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What Are Treatment Options for Diabetes?
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Various treatments exist for diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin (by multiple daily injections or pump), diabetic diet, and other lifestyle modifications. Type 2 diabetes is generally treated with diabetic diet, lifestyle changes such as moderate to vigorous exercise, and medication(s).
Are There Home Remedies (Diet, Exercise, and Glucose Monitoring) for Diabetes?
If a person has diabetes, healthful lifestyle choices in diet, exercise, sleep, and other habits will help improve glycemic (blood sugar) control and prevent or minimize complications from diabetes.
Diabetes diet: A healthy diet is key to controlling blood sugar levels and preventing diabetes complications.
Exercise: Regular exercise, in any form, can help reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Activity can also reduce the risk of developing complications of diabetes such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and leg ulcers.
Alcohol use: Moderate or eliminate consumption of alcohol. Try to have no more than seven alcoholic drinks in a week, and never more than two drinks in an evening. One drink is considered 1.5 ounces of liquor, 6 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer. Excessive alcohol use is a known risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Alcohol consumption can cause low or high blood sugar levels, nerve pain (neuritis), and an increase in triglycerides.
Smoking: If the patient has diabetes, and smokes cigarettes or use any other form of tobacco, they are dramatically raising their risks for nearly all of the complications from diabetes. Smoking damages blood vessels and contributes to heart disease, stroke, and poor circulation in the limbs. If a person needs help to quit tobacco use, talk to a health-care professional.
Self-monitored blood glucose: Check blood sugar levels frequently, at least before meals and at bedtime, then record the results in a logbook.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/3/2016
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