Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2) (cont.)
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There are a variety of treatments for diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections and lifestyle modifications. Type 2 diabetes is generally treated with lifestyle changes such as diabetic diet, exercise, and medication.
Diabetes Self-Care at Home (Diet, Exercise, and Glucose Monitoring)
If a person has diabetes, healthful lifestyle choices in diet, exercise, and other health habits will help to improve glycemic (blood sugar) control and prevent or minimize complications of diabetes.
Diabetes Diet: A healthy diet is key to controlling blood sugar levels and preventing diabetes complications.
Exercise: Regular exercise, in any form, can help reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Activity can also reduce the risk of developing complications of diabetes such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and leg ulcers.
Alcohol use: Moderate or eliminate consumption of alcohol. Try to have no more than seven alcoholic drinks in a week, and never more than one or two drinks in an evening. One drink is considered 1.5 ounces of liquor, 6 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer. Excessive alcohol use is a known risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Alcohol consumption can cause low or high blood sugar levels, nerve pain (neuritis), and an increase in triglycerides.
Smoking: If the patient has diabetes, and smokes cigarettes or use any other form of tobacco, they are raising the risks markedly for nearly all of the complications of diabetes. Smoking damages blood vessels and contributes to heart disease, stroke, and poor circulation in the limbs. If a person needs help to quit tobacco use, talk to a health care professional.
Self-monitored blood glucose: Check blood sugar levels frequently, at least before meals and at bedtime, then record the results in a logbook.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/12/2015
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