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Diabetic Eye Disease (cont.)

Diabetic Eye Disease Treatment

Treatment of diabetic eye disease can be prevented or controlled with lifestyle changes like a healthy diabetic diet, exercise, close monitor of blood sugars, taking medications as prescribed by the doctor, and quitting smoking.

Medical treatment for diabetes includes medication or surgery.

Diabetic Eye Disease Self-Care at Home

If a person with diabetes controls their weight, eats a proper diabetic diet, exercises regularly, monitors blood sugars, and takes the prescribed diabetic medications, the chances of developing serious problems due to diabetes decrease dramatically.

If the patient has diabetic eye disease and is experiencing serious visual problems, almost all treatment will require the care provided by an ophthalmologist.

Diabetic Eye Disease Medical Treatment

Patient Comments

Medical treatment of diabetic eye disease is generally directed at the underlying problem - the diabetes itself. The better control a patient has of the disease, the fewer problems they will have in the long run.

Monitoring the patient's glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1C, Hb1AC) is the best assessment of the overall level of blood sugar control. A medical doctor will order this blood test at least once a year. If the patient's results are initially found to be abnormal or if the patient;s self-test blood sugar results become more variable, then this blood test may be ordered more frequently.

  • For diabetic retinopathy, surgical treatment (for example, laser treatment) is the treatment of choice. Injections of corticosteroids or newer anti-vascular-proliferative medications in the area around the eye may be used.
  • Cataracts are commonly treated with cataract surgery.
  • Glaucoma requires the use of antiglaucoma medications.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/5/2014

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Diabetic Eye Disease:

Diabetic Eye Disease - Symptoms

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Diabetic Eye Disease - Experience

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Diabetic Eye Disease - Causes and Types

If known, what was the cause of your case of eye disease associated with diabetes, and what problems have you experienced?

Diabetic Eye Disease - Medical Treatment

What medical treatments have been effective in managing your diabetic eye disease?

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Macular Edema, Diabetic »

Over the last several decades, there have been a few large-scale trials that have influenced the management of diabetic complications in the eye.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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