Diabetic Ketoacidosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Diabetic Ketoacidosis article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acidosis: Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the ac...

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Adrenaline: A stress hormone produced within the adrenal gland that quickens the heart bea...

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Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain swelling: See: Cerebral edema.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cerebral edema: Accumulation of excessive fluid in the substance of the brain. The brain i...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diabetes mellitus: More commonly referred to as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated...

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Diabetic ketoacidosis: High blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine and bl...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Dry skin: Abnormally dry skin. Can be caused by a dry climate, winter weather, severe defi...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fatty acids: Molecules that are long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid found in fats and oil...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Growth hormone: A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of anoth...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemoglobin A1c: A minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound. Abbreviated HbA...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Juvenile: Between infantile and adult. Used in medicine to indicate onset in childhood, as...

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Juvenile diabetes: See Diabetes, type 1.

Ketoacidosis: A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination o...

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Ketone: A chemical substances that the body makes when it does not have enough insulin in ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Organic: 1. A chemical compound that contains carbon.
2. Related to a...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary edema: Fluid in the lungs.

Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Swelling of the brain: See: Cerebral edema.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Type 1 diabetes: See Diabetes, type 1.

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary