Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Achilles tendon: One of the longest tendons in the body, a tough sinew that attaches the c...

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Acromegaly: Condition due to the production of too much growth hormone by the pituitary gl...

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Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Calcification: The process of suffusing tissues with calcium salts.

Capsaicin: Capsaicin is an active component of chili peppers that is used to relieve muscl...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: A form of degenerative arthritis characteristica...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Growth hormone: A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of anoth...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hyperostosis: Overgrowth of bone.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Idiopathic: Of unknown cause. Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be te...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neck pain: Neck pain is the sensation of discomfort in the neck area. Neck pain can result...

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Obese: Well above ones normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obe...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Skeletal: Pertaining to the skeleton, the bones of the body that collectively provide the ...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Spondylolisthesis: Forward movement of one vertebra in relationship to an adjacent vertebr...

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Spondylosis: Degeneration of the disc spaces between the vertebrae. Spondylosis is common ...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thoracic: Pertaining to the chest. For example, the thoracic aorta is the part of the aort...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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