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Disorders That Disrupt Sleep (Parasomnias) (cont.)

Other Therapy for Sleep Disorders

Behavioral treatments, such as relaxation therapy, biofeedback, hypnosis, and stress reduction, may be helpful, although they are not universally effective.

Outlook for Sleep Disorders

Nightmare disorder

  • Most children outgrow this disorder.
  • A small number of children report this disorder persisting into adulthood and becoming a lifelong problem.
  • Some persons may experience a reduction of the symptoms later in life.

Sleep terror disorder

  • If the onset is in childhood, the outlook is excellent.
  • If the onset is in adulthood, the outlook is poor because the disorder tends to be chronic (lasting a long time), with a waxing and waning course.

Sleepwalking disorder

  • If the onset is in childhood, the outlook is excellent.
  • If the onset is in adulthood and no evidence of an underlying neurological or substance abuse problem is present, the outlook is poor because the disorder tends to be chronic, following a waxing and waning course.

Restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder

  • The outlook of these disorders is variable.
  • Many persons develop long-term remissions, whereas others continue to experience the symptoms throughout life.
  • Generally, the severity increases as one becomes older.

Medically reviewed by Peter O'Connor, MD; American Board of Otolaryngology with subspecialty in Sleep Medicine

REFERENCE:

"Approach to abnormal movements and behaviors during sleep"
UpToDate.com


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/11/2015
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