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Disorders That Disrupt Sleep (Parasomnias) (cont.)

Outlook

Nightmare disorder

  • Most children outgrow this disorder.
  • A small number of children report this disorder persisting into adulthood and becoming a lifelong problem.
  • Some persons may experience a reduction of the symptoms later in life.

Sleep terror disorder

  • If the onset is in childhood, the outlook is excellent.
  • If the onset is in adulthood, the outlook is poor because the disorder tends to be chronic (lasting a long time), with a waxing and waning course.

Sleepwalking disorder

  • If the onset is in childhood, the outlook is excellent.
  • If the onset is in adulthood and no evidence of an underlying neurological or substance abuse problem is present, the outlook is poor because the disorder tends to be chronic, following a waxing and waning course.

Restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder

  • The outlook of these disorders is variable.
  • Many persons develop long-term remissions, whereas others continue to experience the symptoms throughout life.
  • Generally, the severity increases as one becomes older.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/25/2014
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Parasomnias »

Parasomnias are disorders characterized by undesirable motor, verbal, or experiential phenomenon occurring in association with sleep, specific stages of sleep, or sleep-awake transition phases.

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