Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis) article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

See the entire definition of Abdomen

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and...

See the entire definition of Abdominal cavity

Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal pain

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

See the entire definition of Abscess

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

American Medical Association: The AMA. The AMA's mission statement proclaims:

Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

See the entire definition of Belly

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

See the entire definition of Bladder

Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

See the entire definition of Carbohydrates

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

See the entire definition of Chills back to top

Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

See the entire definition of Colon

Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

See the entire definition of Colon cancer

Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

See the entire definition of Colonoscopy

Colorectal: Related to the colon and/or rectum.

Colorectal cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (t...

See the entire definition of Colorectal cancer

Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

See the entire definition of Complication

Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

See the entire definition of Constipation

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

See the entire definition of Diarrhea

Distention: The state of being distended, enlarged, swollen from internal pressure.

Diverticula: The plural of diverticulum.

Diverticulitis: Inflammation of the diverticula (small outpouchings) along the wall of th...

See the entire definition of Diverticulitis

Diverticulosis: Diverticulosis is the condition of having diverticula, small outpouchings...

See the entire definition of Diverticulosis

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department back to top

Endoscope: A lighted optical instrument that is used to get a deep look inside the body. A...

See the entire definition of Endoscope

Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

See the entire definition of Fever

Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

See the entire definition of Fiber

Fistula: An abnormal passageway in the body. The fistula may go from the body surface int...

See the entire definition of Fistula

Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

See the entire definition of Gastroenterologist

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

See the entire definition of Heart disease

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

See the entire definition of Incidence

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

See the entire definition of Intestine back to top

Journal of the American Medical Association: JAMA, which began publication in 1883, now bi...

See the entire definition of Journal of the American Medical Association

Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

See the entire definition of Large intestine

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

See the entire definition of Medical history

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

See the entire definition of Obstruction

Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

See the entire definition of Operation

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

See the entire definition of Organ

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Peritoneum: The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers most of the abdominal ...

See the entire definition of Peritoneum

Peritonitis: Inflammation of the peritoneum (The peritoneum is the tissue layer of cells l...

See the entire definition of Peritonitis

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

See the entire definition of Rectum

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

See the entire definition of Recurrent back to top

Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Remission: Disappearance of the signs and symptoms of cancer or other disease. A remission...

See the entire definition of Remission

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Sedative: A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Sedatives ge...

See the entire definition of Sedative

Sigmoidoscope: A lighted instrument that is used to view the inside of the lower colon.

Sigmoidoscopy: A procedure in which a physician inserts a viewing tube (sigmoidoscope) int...

See the entire definition of Sigmoidoscopy

Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

See the entire definition of Small intestine

Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

See the entire definition of Urinary

Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

See the entire definition of Urinary tract

Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

See the entire definition of Urinary tract infection

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top






Medical Dictionary