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Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis (cont.)

Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis Self-Care at Home

These measures may help and prevent new diverticula from forming.

  • Eat a high-fiber diet to help with diverticulosis/diverticulitis. High-fiber foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans, peas, and lentils. These foods contain elements that your body cannot digest and are passed through your colon.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to help keep stools soft and prevent constipation.
  • Get plenty of physical activity to keep bowels functioning properly.

Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis Medical Treatment

Diverticulosis with symptoms is usually treated as follows. This therapy is designed to soften stools and help them pass faster, which removes the conditions that cause diverticula in the first place.

  • High-fiber diet for diverticulitis: Some health-care professionals recommend a fiber supplement to prevent constipation.
  • Clear fluids
  • Mild pain medications

Treatment for diverticulitis depends on the severity of the condition.

  • Simple cases can be treated by a health-care professional at his or her office.
  • Treatment for uncomplicated cases usually consists of antibiotics and bowel rest. This usually involves two to three days of bowel rest, taking in only clear fluids (no food at all), so the colon may heal without having to work.
  • Complicated cases typically involve severe pain, fever, or bleeding. If an individual has any of these symptoms, he or she will probably be admitted to the hospital. Treatment consists of IV antibiotics, bowel rest, and possibly surgery.

Diverticulitis Surgery

If diverticulitis attacks are frequent or severe, the doctor may suggest surgery to remove a part of the patient's colon.

  • As with any surgery, there are risks the patient should discuss with his or her physician.
  • Sometimes the operation requires at least two separate surgeries on different occasions.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/8/2015

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis):

Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis) - Symptoms

The symptoms of diverticulitis (diverticulosis) can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?

Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis) - Surgery Recovery

Please describe your recovery after surgery for diverticulitis.

Diverticulitis - Experience

Please share your experience with diverticulosis (diverticulitis).

Diverticulitis - Diet

What foods have you found that aggravate diverticulitis? What foods have been helpful with easing diverticulitis symptoms?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Diverticulitis »

Diverticula are small mucosal herniations protruding through the intestinal layers and the smooth muscle along the natural openings created by the vasa recta or nutrient vessels in the wall of the colon.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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