Doctors: Specialties and Training (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Medical School Training
Most medical schools require a minimum of three to four years of college to apply. Most require college graduation, although a few programs combine college or graduate school and medical school. In the United States, medical school lasts four years and includes two years of basic science courses such as the following:
This is followed by two years of clinical sciences in which the medical student sees and treats patients under the close supervision of fully trained physicians. During these two years, the medical students usually spend one year of two-month-long rotations in specialties such as the following:
A year of elective choices follows in any of about 50 specialties and subspecialties such as the following:
In the United States, medical students are required to pass national board exams that assure they have a firm grasp of basic and clinical sciences. When students have graduated from medical school and received their medical degree, and passed these tests, they are qualified to advance to residency training. The first postgraduate year of residency is often referred to as internship.
There are two types of medical schools in the United States: allopathic and osteopathic. Students from both medical training programs must pass the same national board exam and may choose to pursue careers in any medical specialty or subspecialty. In the U.S., both types of graduates are equally qualified to practice medicine.