Domestic Violence Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Domestic Violence article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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American Medical Association: The AMA. The AMA's mission statement proclaims:

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Bilateral: Affecting both sides. For example, bilateral arthritis affects joints on both t...

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Bisexual: An individual who engages in both heterosexual and homosexual sexual relations. ...

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Blind: 1. Unable to see. Without part or all of the sense of sight.
2....

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Eardrum: The tympanic membrane of the ear, or tympanum. The eardrum separates the middle e...

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Elder abuse: The physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of an elderly person, usually one wh...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Gay: A person who is homosexual, especially a male homosexual. The word "gay" in this rega...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heterosexual: A person sexually attracted to persons of the opposite sex. Or a person who...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Isolate: To separate from others as during an infectious disease.

Lesbian: A female homosexual.

Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neck pain: Neck pain is the sensation of discomfort in the neck area. Neck pain can result...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic pain: : Pain perceived in the area of the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen loc...

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Post-traumatic stress: An anxiety disorder that develops in some individuals who have had...

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Post-traumatic stress disorder: A common anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to ...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Public health: The approach to medicine that is concerned with the health of the community...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Substance abuse: The excessive use of a substance, especially alcohol or a drug. (There is...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Tympanic: 1. Pertaining to the tympanum (the eardrum).
2. Pertaining t...

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Tympanic membrane: The eardrum, a thin membrane that serves as a partition between the ext...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Medical Dictionary