Drowning Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Drowning article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute respiratory distress syndrome: Respiratory failure of sudden onset due to fluid in t...

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Acute respiratory distress syndrome: Better known as ARDS. See: ARDS.

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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ARDS: Acronym that stands for a disorder known as or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

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Automated external defibrillator: A device that automatically analyzes the heart rhythm an...

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Autopsy: A postmortem examination. Also known as necropsy.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiology: The study and treatment of heart disorders.

Cardiopulmonary: Having to do with both the heart and lungs.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A life-saving emergency procedure that involves breathing f...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Cry for help: An expression of suicidal intent in the hope of receiving help and being res...

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Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

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Defibrillator: A device that corrects an abnormal heart rhythm by delivering electrical sh...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diving injury: An injury incurred from diving into water that is too shallow or has hidden...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

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Hyperbaric: Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also perta...

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Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laryngeal: Having to do with the larynx (voice box).

Larynx: A tube-shaped organ in the neck that contains the vocal cords. The larynx is about...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Panic: A sudden strong feeling of fear that prevents reasonable thought or action. The wor...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Residual: Something left behind. With residual disease, the disease has not been eradicate...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Resuscitation: The procedure of restoring to life, as in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CP...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Voice box: The voice box, or larynx, is the portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract ...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

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Medical Dictionary