IN THIS ARTICLE
- What is alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What are the possible side effects of alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What is the most important information I should know about alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- How should I take alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What happens if I overdose (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What should I avoid while taking alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- What other drugs will affect alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
- Where can I get more information?
What happens if I miss a dose (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of alprazolam can be fatal. Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, loss of balance or coordination, feeling light-headed, and fainting.
What should I avoid while taking alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
Do not drink alcohol while taking alprazolam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol.
Alprazolam may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with alprazolam and lead to unwanted side effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.
What other drugs will affect alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR)?
Before using alprazolam, tell your doctor if you regularly use other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold or allergy medicine, other sedatives, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression, or anxiety). They can add to sleepiness caused by alprazolam.
Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:
- birth control pills;
- cimetidine (Tagamet);
- cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune);
- dexamethasone (Cortastat, Dexasone, Solurex, DexPak);
- ergotamine (Cafergot, Ergomar, Migergot);
- imatinib (Gleevec);
- isoniazid (for treating tuberculosis);
- St. John's wort;
- an antibiotic such as clarithromycin (Biaxin), erythromycin (E.E.S., EryPed, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin, Pediazole), rifabutin (Mycobutin), rifampin (Rifadin, Rifater, Rifamate), rifapentine (Priftin), or telithromycin (Ketek);
- antifungal medication such as miconazole (Oravig) or voriconazole (Vfend);
- an antidepressant such as fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Symbyax), fluvoxamine (Luvox), desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Janimine, Tofranil), or nefazodone;
- a barbiturate such as butabarbital (Butisol), secobarbital (Seconal), pentobarbital (Nembutal), or phenobarbital (Solfoton);
- heart or blood pressure medication such as amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), diltiazem (Tiazac, Cartia, Cardizem), nicardipine (Cardene), nifedipine (Nifedical, Procardia), or quinidine (Quin-G);
- HIV/AIDS medicine such as atazanavir (Reyataz), delavirdine (Rescriptor), efavirenz (Sustiva, Atripla), etravirine (Intelence), indinavir (Crixivan), nelfinavir (Viracept), nevirapine (Viramune), saquinavir (Invirase), or ritonavir (Norvir, Kaletra); or
- seizure medication such as carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Equetro, Tegretol), felbamate (Felbatol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), phenytoin (Dilantin), or primidone (Mysoline).
This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with alprazolam. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about alprazolam.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
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