Medications and Drugs
Brand Names: Lovenox
Generic Name: enoxaparin (Pronunciation: ee nox AP a rin)
What is enoxaparin (Lovenox)?
Enoxaparin is an anticoagulant that helps prevent the formation of blood clots.
Enoxaparin is used to treat or prevent a type of blood clot called deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which can lead to blood clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism). A DVT can occur after certain types of surgery, or in people who are bed-ridden due to a prolonged illness.
Enoxaparin is also used to prevent blood vessel complications in people with certain types of angina (chest pain) or heart attack.
Enoxaparin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What are the possible side effects of enoxaparin (Lovenox)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; itching or burning skin; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using enoxaparin and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
Less serious side effects may include:
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is the most important information I should know about enoxaparin (Lovenox)?
You should not use this medication if you are allergic to enoxaparin, heparin, benzyl alcohol, or pork products, or if you have active bleeding, or a low level of platelets in your blood after testing positive for a certain antibody while using enoxaparin.
Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using enoxaparin. If you need anesthesia for a medical procedure or surgery, you may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.
Enoxaparin may cause you to bleed more easily, especially if you have: a bleeding disorder, hemorrhagic stroke, an infection in the lining of your heart, stomach or intestinal bleeding or ulcer, or if you have had recent brain, spine, or eye surgery.
Enoxaparin can cause a very serious blood clot around your brain or spinal cord if you undergo a spinal tap or receive spinal anesthesia (epidural), especially if you have a genetic spinal defect, a history of spinal surgery or repeated spinal taps, or if you are using other medications to treat or prevent blood clots. Symptoms of this type of blood clot include numbness, tingling, muscle weakness, or loss of movement.
Blood clots around the brain or spinal cord may occur during a spinal tap or epidural if you use enoxaparin with other drugs that can affect blood clotting, including aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Advil or Motrin, and any other medications to treat or prevent blood clots.
Many other drugs (including some over-the-counter medicines) can increase your risk of bleeding or life-threatening blood clots, and it is very important to tell your doctor about all medicines you have recently used.
Tell your caregivers at once if you have signs of bleeding such as black or bloody stools, coughing up blood, confusion, feeling like you might pass out, or any bleeding that will not stop.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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