lopinavir and ritonavir (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking lopinavir and ritonavir (Kaletra)?
You should not use this medication if you are allergic to it.
Life-threatening side effects may occur if you take lopinavir and ritonavir with alfuzosin (Uroxatral), cisapride (Propulsid), lovastatin (Mevacor, Altoprev, Advicor), simvastatin (Zocor, Simcor, Vytorin), St. John's wort, pimozide (Orap), midazolam (Versed) or triazolam (Halcion), rifampin (Rimactane, Rifadin, Rifater, Rifamate), sildenafil (Revatio for pulmonary arterial hypertension), or an ergot medicine such as D.H.E. 45, Ergomar, Cafergot, Ergotrate, Methergine, Migergot, or Migranal.
To make sure you can safely take lopinavir and ritonavir, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether this medication will harm an unborn baby. HIV can be passed to your baby if you are not properly treated during pregnancy. Take all of your HIV medicines as directed to control your infection.
Lopinavir and ritonavir can make birth control pills or patches less effective. Ask your doctor about using a non-hormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking lopinavir and ritonavir.
Women with HIV or AIDS should not breast-feed a baby. Even if your baby is born without HIV, the virus may be passed to the baby in your breast milk.
Do not give this medication to a child younger than 14 days old without medical advice. Premature infants should not receive the medication until it has been 14 days after their original due date.
How should I take lopinavir and ritonavir (Kaletra)?
Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label, especially when giving the medicine to a child.
Do not crush, chew, or break a lopinavir and ritonavir tablet. Swallow the pill whole. Kaletra tablets may be taken with or without food.
Kaletra liquid should be taken with food. Measure the liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice. Every person with HIV or AIDS should remain under the care of a doctor.
To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. Your liver function may also need to be tested. Visit your doctor regularly.
Store the liquid medicine in the refrigerator or at room temperature, away from heat or moisture. If you store the medicine at room temperature you must use it within 60 days.
Store the tablets at room temperature, away from heat and moisture. Keep the pills in their original container with the cap tightly closed.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Need help identifying pills and medications?
Resources for Staying Well
- HIV-AIDS: Myths and Facts
- Understanding The Symptoms of AIDS/HIV
- The Top 10 Myths About HIV and AIDS
- How Well Are You Living With AFib?
- How Well Are You Managing Your MS?
- Soothe Your Child's Cold or Flu