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Medications and Drugs

Brand Names: Cyklokapron, Lysteda

Generic Name: tranexamic acid (Pronunciation: tran ex AM ik AS id)

What is tranexamic acid (Cyklokapron, Lysteda)?

Tranexamic acid is a man-made form of an amino acid (protein) called lysine. Tranexamic acid prevents enzymes in the body from breaking down blood clots.

The Cyklokapron and Lysteda brands of tranexamic acid are used for different medical conditions.

Cyklokapron is used to prevent bleeding in people with hemophilia who need to have a tooth pulled. This medication is usually given just before the dental procedure, and daily for up to 8 days afterward.

Lysteda is used to treat heavy menstrual bleeding. This medication will not treat premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Tranexamic acid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of tranexamic acid (Cyklokapron, Lysteda)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop taking tranexamic acid and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • problems with your vision (including color vision);
  • sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body;
  • sudden headache, confusion, problems with vision, speech, or balance;
  • sudden chest pain or trouble breathing;
  • pain or swelling in one or both legs;
  • blood in your urine;
  • migraine headache;
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating; or
  • urinating less than usual or not at all.

Less serious side effects include:

  • mild headache;
  • runny or stuffy nose;
  • stomach pain;
  • tired feeling;
  • back pain, joint or muscle pain;
  • feeling unusually happy; or
  • feeling like you might pass out.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about tranexamic acid (Cyklokapron, Lysteda)?

The Cyklokapron and Lysteda brands of tranexamic acid are used for different medical conditions.

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to tranexamic acid, if you are color blind, if you have problems with the blood vessels in your eyes. or if you have ever had a stroke, blood clot, or bleeding in your brain.

Before using tranexamic acid, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, blood in your urine, leukemia, a history of endometriosis, or if your menstrual cycles are less than 21 days apart or longer than 35 days apart.

Use a barrier form of birth control (such as a condom or diaphragm with spermicide). Hormonal contraception (such as birth control pills, injections, implants, skin patches, and vaginal rings) may increase your risk of stroke, blood clot, or heart attack if they are used at the same time as tranexamic acid.

To be sure this medication is not causing harmful effects, your vision may need to be tested while you are using tranexamic acid. Visit your doctor regularly.

Do not share Lysteda with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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