Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor, eMedicineHealth.com
Previous contributing author and editors:
Author: Anthony Anker, MD, FAAEM, Attending Physician, Emergency Department, Mary Washington Hospital, Fredericksburg, VA.
Editors: Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; James S Cohen, MD, Consulting Staff, James Cohen, PC.
Catford, J. "Illicit drugs: effective prevention requires a health promotion approach." Health Promotion International 16.2 (2001): 107-110.
Crow, A.V., M. Howse, G.M. Bell, and J.A. Henry. "Substance abuse and the kidney." QJM 93.3 (2000): 147-152.
Difranza, J.R., R.J. Wellman, and J.A. Savageau. "Does progression through the stages of physical addiction indicate increasing overall addiction to tobacco?" Psychopharmacology (Berl) 219.3 Feb. 2012: 815-22.
Fahmy, V., S.L. Hatch, M. Hotopf, and R. Stewart. "Prevalences of illicit drug use in people aged 50 years and over from two surveys." Age Ageing (2012).
Gotway, M.B., S.R. Marder, D.K. Hanks, et al. "Thoracic complications of illicit drug use: an organ system approach." Radiographics 22 Oct. 2002: S119-S135.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Binge drinking is bigger problem than previously thought." Jan. 2012.
United States. National Institute on Drug Abuse. "Cocaine." 2012.
United States. National Institute on Drug Abuse. "Elevated rates of drug abuse continue for second year." June 2012.
West, S.L., and K.K. O'Neal. "Project D.A.R.E. outcome effectiveness revisited." American Journal of Public Health 94.6 June 2004: 1027-1029.