Font Size
A
A
A
...
10
...

Dry Eye Syndrome (cont.)

Surgery

Different minor surgical procedures may help in the treatment of DES.

  • Near the inner corner of each eyelid are small openings, called punctae, that are the beginning of the normal tear drainage system. A procedure known as punctal occlusion can help by decreasing the normal drainage of your tears off the eye and down the tear drainage system, into the back of your nose, and down your throat. This occlusion is usually a very simple office procedure and only takes a few minutes.
    • Different punctal plugs or lacrimal canalicular plugs can be placed at or just inside these openings to block the normal drainage of tears down the tear drainage system. Just like a stopper that you put in the drain of a sink to keep the water from flowing down the drain, these plugs keep the tears that you have from flowing down the tear drainage system. Therefore, your eyes stay more moist and comfortable, even if you have fewer tears. These plugs can usually be removed very easily, if necessary.
    • Sometimes, in severe cases of DES, these openings are permanently closed, usually by cautery (burning) or laser. This accomplishes the same thing as the plugs, but it is very difficult, if not impossible, to reverse.
  • If you have difficulty closing your eyes for any reason, your eye may dry out because of tear evaporation.
    • Lateral tarsorrhaphy is a procedure during which the lateral (outside) one-third of your eyelids are sewn together to decrease the ability of your eye to open widely and to help your eye close more easily.
    • If stroke or nerve damage keeps your eyelids from closing properly, a small gold weight may be implanted into your upper eyelid to help it close.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/29/2014

Must Read Articles Related to Dry Eye Syndrome

Bell's Palsy
Bell Palsy Bell's palsy is the sudden weakness of one side of the face. It is often temporary and may be triggered by stress, trauma, fever, tooth extractions, or viral il...learn more >>
Eye Pain
Eye Pain Eye pain has many causes, signs, symptoms, and treatments. It's also described as pain behind the eye, eye socket pain, or shooting pain in the eye. Headaches a...learn more >>
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (often called RA) is a chronic (long-standing) disease that damages the joints of the body. The damage is caused by inflammation, a normal ...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Dry Eye Syndrome:

Dry Eye Syndrome - Causes

What was the cause of your dry eye syndrome?

Dry Eye Syndrome - Experience

Please describe your experience with dry eye syndrome.

Dry Eye Syndrome - Treatment

What was the treatment for your dry eye syndrome?





Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Dry Eye Syndrome »

Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the tears and the ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary