Dyslexia (Reading Disorder) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Dyslexia (Reading Disorder) article.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Alexia: Loss of the ability to read or understand the written word, due either to brain da...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Assistive technology: This term may be used to mean an assistive device, but more commonl...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cassette: A pre-existing structure into which an insert can be moved. In molecular biology...

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Child health: The care and treatment of children. Child health is the purview of pediatric...

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Comorbidity: The coexistence of two or more disease processes.

Deafness: Partial or complete hearing loss. Levels of hearing impairment vary from a mild ...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dyslexia: A specific developmental disability that alters the way the brain processes writ...

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Feedback: Many biologic processes are controlled by feedback, just as the temperature in a...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Hyperactivity: A higher than normal level of activity. An organ can be described as hyper...

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Impulsivity: Inclined to act on impulse rather than thought. People who are overly impulsi...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Learning disability: A childhood disorder characterized by difficulty with certain skill...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Psychiatry: The medical specialty that is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and tr...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensory: Relating to sensation, to the perception of a stimulus, to the voyage made by inc...

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Tactile: Having to do with touch. For example, tactile signs of disease are signs that are...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Youth: The time between childhood and maturity.

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