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Dysuria (cont.)

Dysuria Causes

Infection of the urinary tract (urethra, bladder, or kidneys) is the most common cause of dysuria. The most common type of infections are cystitis (bladder infection), pyelonephritis (kidney infection), prostatitis (prostate infection), and urethritis (inflammation of the tube, the urethra, that drains the bladder to the outside of the body). Sexually transmitted diseases can also produce symptoms of dysuria.

Other causes of dysuria include:

  • Trauma: local injury or irritation due to catheter placement or sexual contact


  • Anatomic obstructions/malformations: obstruction due to an enlarged prostate or urethral stricture


  • Pain due to external lesions on the genitalia: Urine touching the lesion causes pain


  • External irritation or reaction: frequent douching or application of irritating/allergenic products


  • Hormonal: postmenopausal effects


  • Neurologic conditions: any nerve conditions that cause difficulty with bladder emptying


  • Cancer: kidney tumor, bladder, prostate, vaginal/vulvar, or penile cancer


  • Medical conditions: diabetes mellitus and other chronic conditions that suppress the immune system

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