Author and Editor
Author: Gayle M Galletta, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Massachusetts.
Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Chai TJ, Chai TC. Bacteriicidal activity of cerumen. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 1980; 18(4):638-41.
Ernst E. Ear candles: a triumph of ignorance over science. J Laryngol. Jan 2004; 118(1):1-2.
Saloranta K, Westermarck T. Prevention of cerumen impaction by treatment of outer ear canal skin. A pilot randomized controlled study. Clin Otolaryngol. Apr 2005; 30(2):112-4.
Stone M, Fulghum RS. Bactericidal activity of wet cerumen. The Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology. Mar 1984; 93:183-6.
WhatleyVN, Dodds CL, Paul RI. Randomized clinical trial of docusate, triethanolamine polypeptide, and irrigation in cerumen removal in children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Dec 2003; 157(12):1181-3.
Previous contributing editors:
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; James S Cohen, MD, Consulting Staff, James Cohen, PC.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/17/2013
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