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Eczema (cont.)

Eczema Medical Treatment and Medications

Once a health-care professional is sure someone has atopic dermatitis, the mainstays of therapy are anti-inflammatory medications and relief from the itching.

Prescription-strength steroid cream and antihistamine medications are the usual treatments.

If a health-care professional determines that someone has a secondary bacterial infection complicating their rash, an oral antibiotic may be prescribed.

For severe cases not responding to high-potency steroid cream, alternate treatments may be tried. These include coal tar, ultraviolet light exposure, and systemic anti-inflammatory agents.

Allergy shots (immunotherapy) usually do not work in eczema.

Eczema Follow-up

  • Take all medicines as prescribed and expect slow gradual improvement.
  • Keep the affected area as clean, dry, and protected as possible to avoid further breakdown of the skin and prevent infection.
  • Apply steroid cream until the rash has completely gone away.
  • If prescription medications are not controlling the eczema or the prescription medications are running out, make an appointment with a health-care professional.
  • Watch the area carefully for signs of infection: increased redness, warmth, pain, pustules, or a discharge from the area. See as health-care professional if an infection is suspected.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/12/2015
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Dyshidrotic Eczema »

Dyshidrotic eczema is a recurrent or chronic relapsing form of vesicular palmoplantar dermatitis of unknown etiology.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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