Edema Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Edema article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute kidney failure: See: Acute renal failure.

Albumin: The main protein in human blood and the key to regulating the osmotic pressure of...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Capillaries: Capillaries are the smallest of blood vessels. They serve to distribute oxyge...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Estrogens: Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteop...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Idiopathic: Of unknown cause. Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be te...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Pitting edema: Observable swelling of body tissues due to fluid accumulation that may be d...

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Postpartum: The period just after delivery, as with postpartum depression. Postpartum refe...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary edema: Fluid in the lungs.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Sacrum: The large heavy bone at the base of the spine, which is made up of fused sacral v...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sprained ankle: See: Ankle sprain.

Supine: With the back or dorsal surface downward. A person who is supine is lying face up....

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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