IN THIS ARTICLE
Symptoms of Sodium Imbalance
Too much or too little sodium can cause cells to malfunction. Lethargy, confusion, weakness, swelling, seizures, and coma are some symptoms that can occur with hyper - or hyponatremia. The treatment of these conditions is dependent on the underlying cause, but it is important for the health care practitioner to understand the reason for the abnormal sodium level and correct the sodium imbalance relatively slowly. Rapid correction can cause abnormal flow of water into or out of cells. This is especially important to prevent brain cell damage (central pontinemyolysis).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/4/2015
Must Read Articles Related to Electrolytes
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Electrolytes:
Sodium Imbalance - Patient Experience
Have you experienced sodium imbalance? Please describe your experience.
Potassium Imbalance - Patient Experience
Have you experienced potassium imbalance? Please describe your experience.
Calcium Imbalance - Patient Experience
Have you experienced calcium imbalance? Please describe your experience.
Magnesium Imbalance - Patient Experience
Have you experienced magnesium imbalance? Please describe your experience.
Electrolytes - Experience
What conditions have you experienced from having too many or too few electrolytes?
Nutrition and Healthy Eating Resources
- Could I Have Binge Eating Disorder?
- 11 No-Alcohol Drinks for Diabetes
- Are We Close to a Cure for Cancer?
- Early Care for Your Premature Baby
- What to Eat When You Have Cancer
- When to Take More Pain Medication
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape
This article describes important principles and specific methods of fluid, electrolyte, and nutrition (FEN) management in newborns, with a special focus on patients with complex fluid and electrolyte requirements, including premature, very low birth weight (VLBW), and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates, as well as patients who have undergone abdominal surgery and those who have sepsis.