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Electrolytes (cont.)

Conditions of Calcium Imbalance

Hypercalcemia (hyper= too much + calc=calcium + emia= in the blood) is associated with "moans, stones, abdominal groans"; symptoms include kidney stones, abdominal pain, and depression. Also, too much calcium can be associated with heart rhythm disturbances. Causes of hypercalceima include parathyroid tumors, other tumors including breast cancer, excess amounts of Vitamin A or D, Paget's disease, and kidney failure.

Hypocalcemia (hypo=too little) is usually associated with eating disorders or lack of parathyroid hormone. Symptoms include weakness, muscle spasms, and heart rhythm disturbance.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/30/2014

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Fluid, Electrolyte, and Nutrition Management in the Newborn »

This article describes important principles and specific methods of fluid, electrolyte, and nutrition (FEN) management in newborns, with a special focus on patients with complex fluid and electrolyte requirements, including premature, very low birth weight (VLBW), and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates, as well as patients who have undergone abdominal surgery and those who have sepsis.

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