Electromyography (EMG) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Electromyography (EMG) article.

Carpal tunnel syndrome: Compression and irritation of the median nerve as it passes under ...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Muscular dystrophy: One of a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakne...

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Myasthenia gravis: An autoimmune neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by fatigue a...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nerve compression: Pinching' of a nerve that is due to too much pressure on it. For exampl...

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Nerve conduction study: See: Nerve conduction velocity test.

Sciatica: Pain that results from irritation of the sciatic nerve and typically radiates fr...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

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