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Is It Possible to Prevent Encephalitis?
There are no commercially available human vaccines for most arboviral diseases in the U.S. There is a Japanese encephalitis vaccine available in the U.S., but it is for ages 17 and above and not widely available. Equine (horse) vaccines are available for EEE, WEE, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE), but none of these are available for humans. A vaccine against human encephalitis is available in Europe against viruses that are transmitted by tick vectors (tick-borne encephalitis or TBE or TBEV), but this vaccine is not available in the U.S. currently (2016). Some of the causes of encephalitis are contagious (for example, herpes, HIV, and most bacterial causes) while others require vectors like mosquitoes or ticks (West Nile virus, WEE, VEE, Zika, and others) and are not spread from person to person.
The following measures are suggestions for prevention of encephalitis that is transmitted by vectors (mosquitoes, ticks):
Prevention methods of human-to-human transfer of specific viral, bacterial, and other rare causes of encephalitis are detailed in individual articles available in links to the specific diseases (for example, herpes, HIV, and specific bacterial types).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/5/2016
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