Encephalopathy Topic Guide
Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy (abnormal brain function) has a variety of causes. Generally, they stem from lack of nutrients, infection, poisoning, structural changes, or anoxia. Within these categories encephalopathy can be cause from lack of oxygen during childbirth, stroke, head injury, liver disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, ischemia, and metabolic dysfunction. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the cause.
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Encephalitis Encephalitis is an acute infection and inflammation of the brain itself. This is in contrast to meningitis, which is an inflammation of the layers covering the brain. Encephalitis symptoms and signs include headache, fever, fatigue, seizures, and photophobia. Treatment depends upon the cause of the encephalitis.
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