Encephalopathy Topic Guide
Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy (abnormal brain function) has a variety of causes. Generally, they stem from lack of nutrients, infection, poisoning, structural changes, or anoxia. Within these categories encephalopathy can be cause from lack of oxygen during childbirth, stroke, head injury, liver disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, ischemia, and metabolic dysfunction. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the cause.
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Meningitis in Children Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the spinal cord or brain. Bacterial or viral infection are the typical causes of meningitis. Symptoms of meningitis in children include vomiting, rash, stiff neck, fever, seizure, nausea, increased sensitivity to light, and altered mental status. Treatment may incorporate a breathing tube, a heart and breathing monitor, IV fluids, catheterization, and administering acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
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