Stephen Borowitz, MD
Bhupinder Anand, MD
IN THIS ARTICLE
Author and Editor
Author: Stephen Borowitz, MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Public Health Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Virginia School of Medicine.
Editor: Bhupinder Anand, MD
REFERENCE: Kuhn, B. et. al. Treatment Guidelines for Primary Nonretentive Encopresis and Stool Toileting Refusal. Am Fam Physician. 1999 Apr 15;59(8):2171-2178.
Last Editorial Review: 6/18/2012
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According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third edition (DSM-III), encopresis is defined as the "repeated involuntary passage of feces into places not appropriate for that purpose...the event must take place for at least 6 months, the chronologic and mental age of the child must be at least 4 years."