Endometrial Cancer Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Endometrial Cancer article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal hysterectomy: Surgical removal of the uterus (a hysterectomy) done through an i...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adenocarcinoma: A cancer that develops in the lining or inner surface of an organ and usua...

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Adnexa: In gynecology, the appendages of the uterus, namely the ovaries, the Fallopian tub...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bone scan: A nuclear medicine technique for creating images of bones on a computer screen ...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brachytherapy: Radiation treatment given by placing radioactive material directly in or ne...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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CA 125: Cancer antigen 125, a protein normally made by certain cells in the body, includin...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cancer causes: In most individual cases of cancer, the exact cause of cancer is unknown. T...

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Cancer symptoms: Abnormal sensations or conditions that persons can notice that are a resu...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Conception: 1. The union of the sperm and the ovum. Synonymous with fertilization.
...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Corpus: The body of the uterus.

CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Curettage: Removal of tissue with a curette from the wall of a cavity or another surface. ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dilation: The process of enlargement, stretching, or expansion. The word "dilatation" mean...

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Dilation and curettage: A minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilatio...

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Embryo: An organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation, from fertilization ...

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Endometrial biopsy: A common procedure for sampling the inner lining of the uterus (the en...

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Endometrial cancer: Cancer of the womb (the uterus ). Endometrial cancer occurs most often...

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Endometrium: The inner layer of the uterus.

Endoscope: A lighted optical instrument that is used to get a deep look inside the body. A...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Estrogens: Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteop...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Gynecologic oncologist: A physician who specializes in treating cancers of the female repr...

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Gynecologist: A physician who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive ...

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Gynecology: The branch of medicine that is particularly concerned with the health of the f...

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Hair loss: Hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term for hair loss ...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Hysteroscopy: A procedure to see inside the uterus (the womb) using a viewing scope that i...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inguinal: Having to do with the groin.

Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Labor: Childbirth, the process of delivering a baby and the placenta, membranes, and umbil...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Marker: A piece of DNA that lies on a chromosome so close to a gene that the marker and t...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Metastasis: 1. The process by which cancer spreads from the place at which it firs...

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Metastasize: The spread from one part of the body to another. When cancer cells metastasiz...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Myometrium: The muscular outer layer of the uterus.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Obstetrics: The art and science of managing pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium (the time...

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Oncologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. After a ...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Oral contraceptive: A birth control pill taken by mouth. Most oral contraceptives include...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Ovarian cancer: A malignant tumor of the ovary, the egg sac in a female. Women who have a ...

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Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathologist: A physician who identifies diseases and conditions by studying abnormal cells...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Peritoneal: Having to do with the peritoneum.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Primary tumor: A tumor that is at the original site where it first arose. For example, a p...

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Remission: Disappearance of the signs and symptoms of cancer or other disease. A remission...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Squamous cells: Flat cells that look like fish scales. The word "squamous" came from the L...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Staging: stagingDoing exams and tests to learn the extent of a cancer, especially whether ...

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Stroma: The supportive framework of an organ (or gland or other structure), usually compos...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Transducer: An instrument that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. A transd...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tumor grade: The degree of abnormality of cancer cells, a measure of differentiation, the ...

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Tumor marker: A substance that can be detected in higher-than-normal amounts in the blood,...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uterine cancer: A malignant tumor of the uterus (womb), which occurs most often in women b...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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