Endometriosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Endometriosis article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and...

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Acetate: A molecular ion derived from acetic acid. The formula of acetate is CH3COO-.

Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the bas...

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Addiction: An uncontrollable craving, seeking, and use of a substance such as alcohol or a...

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Adhesion: The union of two opposing tissue surfaces. This term is often used to refer to t...

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Agonist: A substance that acts like another substance and therefore stimulates an action. ...

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Anastrozole: An oral antiestrogen. Anastrozole inhibits the enzyme aromatase in the adren...

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Arimidex: Brand name for anastrozole, an oral antiestrogen. Arimidex inhibits the enzyme a...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aromatase: An enzyme involved in the production of estrogen that acts by catalyzing the co...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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BMI: Body mass index.

Body mass index: A key index for relating weight to height. Abbreviated BMI. BMI is a pers...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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Cesarean section:See C-section.

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

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Chronic fatigue syndrome: A debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fa...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Cul-de-sac: In anatomy, a blind pouch or cavity that is closed at one end. The term cul-de...

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Cyst: A closed sac or capsule, usually filled with fluid or semisolid material.

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Cystitis: Inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be due for example to infection from ...

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Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dyspareunia: Pain during sexual intercourse. There are many causes of dyspareunia, includi...

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Eczema (dermatitis): A particular type of inflammatory reaction of the skin in which there...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endometrioma: : Part of the condition known as endometriosis. Endometrioma is a type of cy...

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Endometriosis: The presence of tissue that normally grows inside the uterus (womb) in an ...

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Endometrium: The inner layer of the uterus.

Episiotomy: A surgical procedure for widening the outlet of the birth canal to facilitate ...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Femara: Brand name for letrozole, an oral antiestrogen. Femara inhibits the enzyme aromata...

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Fertility: The ability to conceive and bear children, the ability to become pregnant throu...

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Fibromyalgia: A disease characterized by chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of muscle...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Gynecologist: A physician who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hirsutism: Having excessive facial and bodily hair. Hirsutism can be a side effect of cert...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Hypothyroid: Deficiency of thyroid hormone which is normally made by the thyroid gland wh...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Implantation: The act of setting in firmly.

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Interstitial: Pertaining to being between things, especially between things that are norma...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Laparoscopic: 1. Pertaining to the procedure of laparoscopy.
2. Pert...

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Laparoscopy: A type of surgery in which small incisions are made in the abdominal wall thr...

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Laparotomy: An operation to open the abdomen. For example, laparotomy is used to remove ca...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Letrozole: An oral antiestrogen. Letrozole inhibits the enzyme aromatase in the adrenal g...

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Libido: 1. Sexual drive. 2. In psychoanalysis, the psychic energy from all ...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Lymphatic: Pertaining to a small, thin channel that is similar to a blood vessel and that ...

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Lymphatic system: The tissues and organs, including the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and l...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Multiple sclerosis: A disease that is characterized by loss of myelin (demyelinization). A...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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NSAID: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, a medication that is commonly prescribed or pu...

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Opioid: 1. A synthetic narcotic that resembles the naturally occurring opiates. 2. Any sub...

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Oral contraceptive: A birth control pill taken by mouth. Most oral contraceptives include...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

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Ovulation: The release of the ripe egg (ovum) from the ovary. The egg is released when the...

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Ovulatory: Relating to ovulation, the release of the ovum (the egg) from the ovary.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathologist: A physician who identifies diseases and conditions by studying abnormal cells...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic pain: : Pain perceived in the area of the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen loc...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Sjogren syndrome: An autoimmune disease that classically combines dry eyes, dry mouth, and...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Staging: stagingDoing exams and tests to learn the extent of a cancer, especially whether ...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Uterine bleeding: See: Menstruation. See also Menometrorrhagia; Menorrhagia; Metrorrhagia....

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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