Endoscopy in Crohn's Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Endoscopy in Crohn's Disease article.

Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

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Barium enema: An enema using a white, chalky solution containing barium, in preparation fo...

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Barium swallow: A test that involves filling the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines ...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Capsule: Capsule has many meanings in medicine including the following:

  1. In medici...

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Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

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Duodenum: The first part of the small intestine. The duodenum is a common site for peptic ...

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Dyspepsia: Indigestion. A condition characterized by upper abdominal symptoms that may inc...

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EGD: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

Endoscope: A lighted optical instrument that is used to get a deep look inside the body. A...

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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: Abbreviated ERCP. A procedure done to diag...

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Endoscopic ultrasound: Abbreviated EUS. A procedure that combines endoscopy and ultrasound...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Enema: Liquid injected into the rectum. An enema may be used for therapeutic (such as to s...

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Enteroscopy: The use of a flexible instrument (a "scope") to examine the small intestine, ...

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ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography, a diagnostic procedure used to exam...

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Esophagogastroduodenoscopy: Also known as EGD or upper endoscopy. A procedure that enables...

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Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

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GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract.

Ileum: Part of the small intestine beyond the jejunum and before the large intestine (colo...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

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Informed consent: The process by which a patient learns about and understands the purpose,...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Lab test: A test that is done in the laboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies,...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lower GI series: Short for lower gastrointestinal series. A series of x-rays of the rectum...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Rectal bleeding: Blood passed rectally. Blood in the stool can be bright red or maroon in ...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Sedative: A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Sedatives ge...

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Sigmoid: In human anatomy, the lower colon (the lower portion of the large bowel). Sigmoid...

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Sigmoidoscopy: A procedure in which a physician inserts a viewing tube (sigmoidoscope) int...

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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