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Enlarged Prostate (cont.)

What Tests Do Doctors Use to Diagnose Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?

  • A physical exam is required to see if other medical problems may be causing your symptoms. The doctor will conduct a digital rectal exam to examine the prostate gland. He or she can feel the prostate by inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum. This procedure allows your doctor to roughly estimate the size and consistency of the prostate. Most importantly, it allows the doctor to feel for lumps or hard areas that could indicate the presence of prostate cancer.
  • Your doctor may check your urine (urinalysis) for blood or signs of infection. Your blood may be tested for kidney problems (a serum creatinine level) or sent for a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, a screening test for prostate cancer.
  • Some men are referred to a specialist (urologist) for further tests. Urologists specialize in diseases of the male and female urinary tracts and of the male genital tract. Before you are treated for benign prostate enlargement, it is important to rule out other possible causes of an enlarged prostate, such as cancer.

What Are Treatment Options for an Enlarged Prostate?

Once the diagnosis of prostate enlargement is made, your doctor may not recommend immediate treatment if symptoms are mild. Likely, one or more exams will be conducted per year to be sure that you are not developing any complications from prostate enlargement. Should your symptoms become more severe, both medical and surgical treatments are available.

Are There Home Remedies for an Enlarged Prostate?

Some precautions can help to avoid worsening of symptoms of prostate enlargement and complications.

Do not delay urination once you experience an urge. Urinate as soon as you feel the urge, and empty the bladder completely.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/7/2017
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Prostate Hyperplasia, Benign »

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that may restrict the flow of urine from the bladder.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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