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Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) (cont.)

Enlarged Spleen Complications

Depending upon the cause, the enlarged spleen may return to normal size and function when the underlying disease is treated or resolved.

  • Commonly, in infectious mononucleosis, the spleen returns to normal as the infection gets better.
  • In some circumstances, removing the spleen is part of the treatment, but it can make the person much more susceptible to infections.
  • Many illnesses and diseases result with the enlarged spleen as a permanent physical finding and may result in only a fair prognosis because the person may be more prone to splenic injury, infections, and abnormal bleeding.

Enlarged Spleen Follow-up

Follow-up with the treating physician is an important process as many complications can occur if patients are not compliant with medical recommendations.

Enlarged Spleen Prevention

Prevention of splenomegaly in itself may be meaningless. Some of the medical causes of splenomegaly, however, may be preventable, such as cessation of alcohol abuse to prevent liver cirrhosis, or prophylaxis against malaria when planning a trip to an endemic area.

Preventive measures against a possible rupture of spleen are noteworthy. Avoiding contact sports and wearing seat belts are important measures to take in the prevention of splenic rupture.

Proper vaccination in patients with splenectomy is also of great significance as noted earlier.

Enlarged Spleen Prognosis

Depending upon the cause, the enlarged spleen may return to normal size and function when the underlying disease is treated or resolved.



Medical Dictionary