Epilepsy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Epilepsy article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Anticonvulsant: A medication used to control (prevent) seizures (convulsions) or stop an o...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cortex: The outer layer of any organ.

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Focal seizure: See: Partial seizure.

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Grand mal: A form of epilepsy characterized by tonic-clonic seizures. involving two phases...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

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Idiopathic: Of unknown cause. Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be te...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurology: The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders o...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Nurse: 1) A person trained, licensed, or skilled in nursing. 2) To feed an infant at the ...

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Partial seizure: A seizure that affects only one part of the brain. Symptoms depend on whi...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Petit mal: A form of epilepsy with very brief, unannounced lapses in consciousness. A peti...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Sensory: Relating to sensation, to the perception of a stimulus, to the voyage made by inc...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Medical Dictionary