Epstein-Barr Virus Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Epstein-Barr Virus article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acyclovir: (Brand name: Zovirax) One of a group of antiviral drugs that acts against the...

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Adenovirus: One of a group of viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, inte...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Burkitt lymphoma: A type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that most often occurs in young peo...

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Burkitt's lymphoma: See: Burkitt lymphoma.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Capsid: The protein coat of a virus. The term capsid came in 1960 from the French capside,...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic fatigue syndrome: A debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fa...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information...

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EBV: Epstein-Barr virus.

Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Enlarged liver: A liver that is greater in size than normal. Enlarged liver is also known ...

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Enlarged spleen: Splenomegaly, or an enlargement of the spleen. This condition can occur w...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Epstein-Barr virus: A virus in the herpes family that is best known as the cause of infect...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hemolysis: The destruction of red blood cells which leads to the release of hemoglobin fro...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infectious mononucleosis: A specific viral infection (with the Epstein-Barr virus) in whic...

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Infiltrate: To penetrate. For example, a cancer may grow into, or infiltrate, surrounding ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Latent: Hidden, dormant, inactive.

Leukoplakia: A white spot or patch on the mucous membranes in the mouth (for instance, ins...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymphocytosis: Having too many lymphocytes. Lymphocytosis may be a marker that infection o...

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Lymphoma: A tumor of the lymphoid tissue. The major types of lymphoma are Hodgkin's diseas...

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Lymphoproliferative: Referring to the proliferation of the bone marrow cells that give ris...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Mono: Popular name for infectious mononucleosis.

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Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palate: The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back porti...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Petechiae: Pinpoint flat round red spots under the skin surface caused by intradermal hemo...

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Plaque: 1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an a...

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Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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X-linked: A gene on the X chromosome that is located on the X chromosome. An X-linked diso...

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Medical Dictionary