Exercise-Induced Asthma Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Exercise-Induced Asthma article.

Adrenaline: A stress hormone produced within the adrenal gland that quickens the heart bea...

See the entire definition of Adrenaline

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

See the entire definition of Airway

Airway obstruction: Partial or complete blockage of the breathing passages to the lungs. C...

See the entire definition of Airway obstruction

Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

See the entire definition of Allergic reaction

Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

See the entire definition of Allergy

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

See the entire definition of Artery

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

See the entire definition of Aspirin

Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

See the entire definition of Asthma

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

See the entire definition of Breathing

Bronchi: The plural of bronchus.

Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

See the entire definition of Carbon dioxide

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

See the entire definition of Chest

Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

See the entire definition of Chest pain

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic back to top

Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

See the entire definition of Chronic disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

See the entire definition of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

See the entire definition of Contrast

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

See the entire definition of COPD

Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

See the entire definition of Cough

Dander: Tiny scales shed from human or animal skin or hair. Dander floats in the air, sett...

See the entire definition of Dander

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Dilating: The widening and opening of an opening, such as the cervix or esophagus. For exa...

See the entire definition of Dilating

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Emphysema: is a lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air due to enlargemen...

See the entire definition of Emphysema

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Exercise-induced asthma: Asthma triggered by vigorous physical activity. It primarily affe...

See the entire definition of Exercise-induced asthma

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue

Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

See the entire definition of Flu

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart back to top

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

See the entire definition of Ibuprofen

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system

Immunology: The study of all aspects of the immune system, including its structure and fun...

See the entire definition of Immunology

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Leukotriene: One of a group of chemicals produced by the body that accompanies inflammatio...

See the entire definition of Leukotriene

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Maintenance therapy: Treatment designed to help the original primary treatment to succeed....

See the entire definition of Maintenance therapy

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

See the entire definition of Medical history

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

NHLBI: Stands for the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, one of the National Insti...

See the entire definition of NHLBI

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

See the entire definition of Nose back to top

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

See the entire definition of Obstruction

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

See the entire definition of Oxygen

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Pollen: Small, light, dry protein particles from trees, grasses, flowers, and weeds that m...

See the entire definition of Pollen

Pollen count: The number of pollen grains landing on a given area during a specified time....

See the entire definition of Pollen count

Probe: 1: In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to explore, ...

See the entire definition of Probe

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

See the entire definition of Pulse

Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

See the entire definition of Regimen

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

See the entire definition of Shortness of breath

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

See the entire definition of Sodium back to top

Spirometry: A test of the air capacity of the lung. The test utilizes a machine called a s...

See the entire definition of Spirometry

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

See the entire definition of Stress

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

See the entire definition of Symptom

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Treadmill: A machine with a moving strip on which one walks without moving forward. A trea...

See the entire definition of Treadmill

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

See the entire definition of Trigger

Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

See the entire definition of Viruses

Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

See the entire definition of Wheezing

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top







Medical Dictionary