Font Size
A
A
A

Extracting Teeth for Malocclusion Treatment


Topic Overview

Serial extraction is the carefully planned and selective removal of baby (primaryClick here to see an illustration.) teeth to create room for incoming permanent (secondaryClick here to see an illustration.) teeth. The reason dentists or orthodontists consider removing teeth is because after age 8, the space for a child's teeth (arch length) doesn't increase.1 Severe crowding of teeth at this age means that permanent teeth are likely to come in out of place. This can result in a bad bite or crooked teeth (malocclusion).

Often an orthodontist will remove the primary canine teeth once the two front secondary incisors on top and bottom have erupted. This makes room for the permanent incisors. After 2 years, when the first premolars and permanent canines are ready to erupt, the orthodontist again checks for crowding. More teeth are removed if necessary. Often the orthodontist chooses to remove the first premolars.

Related Information

References

Citations

  1. Dale JG, Dale HC (2005). Interceptive guidance of occlusion with emphasis on diagnosis. In TM Graber et al., eds., Orthodontics: Current Principles and Techniques, 4th ed., pp. 405–489. St. Louis: Elsevier Mosby.

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerWilliam F. Hohlt, DDS - Orthodontics
Last RevisedJanuary 11, 2011

eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

To learn more visit Healthwise.org

© 1995-2012 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.





Medical Dictionary