Eye Care Providers Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Eye Care Providers article.

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Blepharoplasty: Plastic surgery on the eyelids. Blepharoplasty may be done to correct ptos...

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Cataract: A clouding or loss of transparency of the lens in the eye as a result of tissu...

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COMT: Abbreviation for catechol-O-methyltransferase.

Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the membrane covering the surface of the eyeball. It can b...

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Cornea: The clear front window of the eye, which transmits and focuses light into the eye....

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Corneal: Pertaining to the cornea, the clear front window of the eye that transmits and fo...

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Diabetic eye disease: 1. A disease of the small blood vessels of the retina of the ...

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Family practice: The medical specialty which provides continuing and comprehensive health ...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises becaus...

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Implantation: The act of setting in firmly.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Internist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. T...

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Intraocular: In the eye. For example, intraocular pressure is the pressure within the eye....

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Intraocular lens: An artificial lens made of plastic, silicone, acrylic or other material ...

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Iris: The circular, colored curtain of the eye. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. T...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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LASIK: Abbreviation standing for laser-assisted in situ k/...

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Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Macular: Pertaining to the macula. A macula is a small spot. A macula on the skin is a s...

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Macular degeneration: A disease that progressively destroys the macula, the central porti...

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Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Molecular biology: The study of biology on a molecular level including the structure, func...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Ocular: Having to do with the eye.

Ocular prosthesis: 1. An artificial replacement for an eyeball. In other words, an ...

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Oculoplastics: Eye plastic and reconstructive surgery., a specialized area of ophthalmolog...

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Ophthalmic: Pertaining to the eye. For example, an ophthalmic ointment is designed for the...

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Ophthalmologist: A physician who practices ophthalmology.

Ophthalmology: The art and science of eye ?medicine.

Optician: A specialist in fitting eyeglasses and making lenses to correct vision problems....

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Optometrist: A practitioner who provides primary eye and vision care, performs eye examina...

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Osteopathy: A system of therapy founded in the 19th century that is based on the concept t...

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Pathology: The study of disease. Pathology has been defined as "that branch of medicine...

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PCP: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Prostheses: More than one prosthesis. See: Prosthesis.

Prosthesis: An artificial replacement of a part of the body, such as a tooth, a facial bon...

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Prosthetic: Referring to a prosthesis, an artificial substitute or replacement of a part o...

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Ptosis: Downward displacement. For example, ptosis of the eyelids is drooping of the eyeli...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Retina: The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light, and c...

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Retinal: Pertaining to the retina, the extraordinary layer of neurons (nerve cells) that ...

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Retinal detachment: A separation of the retina from its connection at the back of the eye....

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Strabismus: A condition in which the visual axes of the eyes are not parallel and the eyes...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Uveitis: Inflammation of the uvea. Uveitis is a serious form of eye inflammation and requi...

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Vitrectomy: Removal of the gel (called the vitreous) from within the eyeball. This may be ...

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Vitreous: A clear, jelly-like substance that fills the middle of the eye. Also called the ...

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