Eye Injuries (cont.)
Questions to Ask the Doctor
- Is there any sign of damage to the eye?
- Is there any sign of permanent vision loss?
Diagnosis of Eye Injuries
As with any medical condition, the history is very important. How the injury occurred will often help the emergency medicine doctor or ophthalmologist focus the examination. A patient's vision (visual acuity) will be checked, so patients should bring their glasses to the office visit. The ophthalmologist is interested in preserving the best vision that an individual's eye(s) can achieve.
- To check for injuries to the cornea, the ophthalmologist or emergency medicine doctor usually places a drop of special dye or stain into the tear-lubricated area that normally lubricates the eye. The dye is called fluorescein, which stains those areas of the cornea that have been damaged. When a blue light is shined into the eye, corneal abrasions turn green in appearance.
- A device called a slit lamp is often used as well. A slit lamp is essentially a special magnifying and illuminating microscope to look more closely at the eye.
- X-rays are rarely used, except if an orbital fracture, intraocular, or intraorbital foreign body is suspected. Corneal foreign bodies do not require X-rays.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/27/2015
Must Read Articles Related to Eye Injuries
A black eye is a common injury to the face. Most cases of a black eye occur due to an blow to the face by another person or an object. Other causes of swelling ...learn more >>
Chemical Eye Burns
Chemical exposure to any part of the eye or eyelid may result in a chemical eye burn. Chemical burns represent 7-10% of eye injuries. About 15-20% of burns to t...learn more >>
Contact lenses are miraculous pieces of plastic that allow you to see without glasses. In most cases, contact lenses are used as a substitute for glasses, allow...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Eye Injuries: