Facial Fracture Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Facial Fracture article.

Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Bloody nose: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the nose. The nose is rich in blood vessel...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bridge: A set of one or more false teeth supported by a metal framework, used to replace ...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enophthalmos: Sunken eyeball. Enophthalmos can be a sign of severe dehydration.

ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

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Ethmoid: 1. As an adjective: spongy or sievelike. From the Greek ethmos, sieve + ei...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Nosebleed: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the nose. The nose is rich in blood vessels ...

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Open fracture: A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called a co...

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Oral surgeon: A dentist who has special training in surgery to correct problems of the mou...

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Orbital: In anatomy, pertaining to the orbit, the bony cavity that contains the eyeball.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Plastic surgeon: A surgeon who specializes in reducing scarring or disfigurement that may ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Temporal: 1. Pertaining to time, limited in time, temporary, or transient.
...

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Temporal bone: A large irregular bone that is situated at the base and side of the skull. ...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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TMJ: Temporomandibular joint.

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Zygomatic arch: The part of the temporal bone of the skull that forms the prominence of t...

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Zygomatic bone: The part of the temporal bone of the skull that forms the prominence of ...

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