Fall Prevention and Osteoporosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Fall Prevention and Osteoporosis article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Assisted living: A type of long-term care facility for elderly or disabled people who are ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Bone mineral density: BMD, a measure of bone density, reflecting the strength of bones as ...

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Broken hip: Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dowager's hump: An abnormal outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae of the upper back....

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hip fracture: Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due ...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Nursing home: A residential facility for people with chronic illness or disability, partic...

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Osteopenia: Mild thinning of the bone mass. Osteopenia represents a low bone mass and is n...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Traction: In medicine, a procedure for manually pulling a part of the body to a beneficia...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Unsteadiness: Loss of one's equilibrium in regard to the environment, often with a feelin...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary